The Biedermeier style was a simplified interpretation of the French Empire Style of Napoleon I.  Based on utilitarian principals, this influential style of furniture design came from Germany during the period of 1815-1845 and was the first style in the world that emanated from the growing middle class.

Stylistically, the furniture was simple and elegant. Its construction utilized the ideal of truth through material, something that later influenced the Bauhaus and Art Deco periods.  Throughout the period, emphasis was kept on minimal ornamentation, however; as time progressed, the style moved from the early rebellion against Romantic-era fussiness to increasingly ornate commissions by a rising middle class, eager to show their newfound wealth.  The original Biedermeier period changed with the political unrests of 1845–1848 and furniture of the later years took on a distinct Victorian style.

Fifty years later, Biedermeier style was featured at the Vienna applied arts museum. Visitors were so influenced by this fantasy style and its elegance that a new resurgence began.  This revival period lasted up until the Art Deco style became popular.